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FICO® Score - a Brief Explanation

When you apply for a mortgage loan, you expect your lender to pull a credit report and look at whether you’ve made your payments on time. What you may not expect is that they seem to be more interested in your FICO® score.

“What’s a FICO® score?” is a common reaction.

Each time your credit report is pulled, it is run through a computer program with a built-in scorecard. Points are awarded or deducted based on certain items such as how long you have had credit cards, whether you make your payments on time, if your credit balances are near maximum, and assorted other variables. When the credit report prints in your lender’s office, the total score is displayed. Your score can be anywhere between the high 300’s and the low 850’s.

Lenders wanted to determine if there was any relationship between these credit scores and whether borrowers made their payments on time, so they did a study. The study showed that borrowers with scores above 680 almost always made their payments on time. Borrowers with scores below 600 seemed fairly certain to develop problems.

As a result, credit scoring became a more important factor in approving mortgage loans. Credit scores also made it easier to develop artificial intelligence computer programs that could make a “yes” decision for loans that should obviously be approved. Nowadays, a computer and not a person may have actually approved your mortgage.

In short, lower credit scores require a more thorough review than higher scores. Often, mortgage lenders will not even consider a score below 600.

Some of the things that affect your FICO score are:

  • Delinquencies
  • Too many accounts opened within the last twelve months
  • Short credit history
  • Balances on revolving credit are near the maximum limits
  • Public records, such as tax liens, judgments, or bankruptcies
  • No recent credit card balances
  • Too many recent credit inquiries
  • Too few revolving accounts
  • Too many revolving accounts

FICO® actually stands for Fair Isaac and Company, which is the company used by the Experian (formerly TRW) credit bureau to calculate credit scores. Trans-Union and Equifax are two other credit bureaus who also provide credit scores.

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Hello Janet, I just want to send a short note to thank you for your assistance in my purchasing the Lacey Street home. As you are aware, Gary and I had significant problems in finding a "qualified" real estate agent. When we found you, you made everything so easy..........you were very prepared.........you went way out of your way to assist us, even after the property was purchased. Things could not have gone smoother. Thank you for everything you have done. Mark Madding
Janet, My husband and I would like to extend our heart felt thanks to you for selling our home in Glen Lakes. We had previously listed the property without success. You provided us the necessary information to appropriately price our home and the home sold in a record 17-day period. We were thrilled with your results and would highly recommend your services to our friends. Thanks again so very much for your attention to detail and immediate success in selling our home. Kindest regards, Kevin and Natale Goff
Virginia, You went above & beyond to help make our dreams come true, making our first reality a paradise! to the first potential "yes" homes to home you were with us every step of the way. You truly do make miracles happen. Thank You for all of the prayers. Thank you from the bottom of our hearts. Brenda and Billy Lummus
Thank you for the efficient and speedy way you handled the sale of my house in Glen Lakes. Although I never met you, I feel as though I've made a new friend. I could tell in our phone conversations that you had my best interests at heart and worked quickly to find a buyer who was just right for my home. Your friendliness and the way you kept me informed about the way things were going impressed me. I really appreciate the promptness of the finalizing and your willingness to help make details clear to me. May God bless you with good health, success and prosperity in the future. It was a joy to work with you, my friend! Sincerely, Mona FayeLewis
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Thank you for visiting today. If this is your first visit, take your time and look around. We have plenty of information and resources available to you. If you are a return visitor, thank you. We would love to hear from you. We can serve all your real estate needs.